Artificial intelligence has triggered changes in the field and industry, resulting in the upgrading of education ecology

The impact of AI on the transformation of other fields and industries will also extend to the field of education, because education is a cause that concerns the overall development of society. On the one hand, the enhancement, substitution, improvement and transformation played by AI are highlighted by the industry reshaping effects on various fields of social production and life, as well as the release of human resources. On the other hand, these reshaping effects and the release of manpower have triggered changes in social fields and industries, prompting a shift in social talent demand; and education is an important territory for the output of social talent resources, which requires a strong response to this, thus giving rise to the upgrading of the education ecology. Artificial intelligence has accelerated the process of deepening reform in education and promoted the renewal and reengineering within the system. Digital technology has already had a profound impact on education elements such as teachers and students, curriculum, teaching methods, learning experience, evaluation and management, and is transforming the education ecology by gradually reengineering the education process. Artificial intelligence is further accelerating this process, expanding the connotation of each element in the system, improving and extending the relationship within the system, and reshaping the function and form of the education system in a disruptive and innovative manner. Artificial intelligence expands the boundaries of education and contributes to the construction of the school of the future. With the power of technology, schools of the future will incorporate off-campus learning venues (such as science and technology museums and museums) and online learning venues into the “school” sphere, integrating educational resources from all areas of society to form a new nurturing environment. At the same time, new technologies such as the digital twin promote the interactive integration of real space and virtual space by creating digital twins of people, objects, and environments to achieve two-way mapping, dynamic interaction, and real-time connection between physical space and digital space. Upgrading the education system internally and expanding spatial resources can enable it to better connect with the social field and better provide a place for the growth of innovative talents to adapt to future life and work.

Artificial intelligence is about achieving the strategic goal of a strong nation.Education should serve the national strategic layout, to seize the first opportunity for the development of artificial intelligence and construct the first-mover advantage; to export innovative talents for international competition and social development, and to support the independent research and development of science and technology. At present, countries around the world have raised the development of artificial intelligence to the height of national strategy to seize the high point of opportunity in the new round of scientific and technological revolution as well as the initiative in global competition. The Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan puts forward the strategic goal of China to “become the world’s leading AI innovation center” and deploys important aspects of the economy, education, science and technology, social development and national security in a comprehensive manner. The strategy of strengthening education is the logical starting point of such important strategies as the strategy of developing the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country through talents and the strategy of innovation-driven development, and artificial intelligence puts forward higher requirements on the ability to train talents in education. In recent years, countries around the world have faced huge challenges while developing AI, such as the problem of innovative talents and the problem of autonomous and controllable high-tech. The international competition of artificial intelligence is essentially a competition of talents, which requires education to respond to it from the strategic level. Therefore, education plays a leading role in the strategy, we must give full play to the advantages of intelligent technology to promote the upgrade of the education ecosystem, but also plan to provide talent support for national development. Based on the perspective that technology and education are shaping each other in the competition, the exploration of artificial intelligence for the future development of education requires more strategic seizure of opportunities to export innovative talents for various fields of society through education, to support the transformation and upgrading of various fields of society and the innovative development of artificial intelligence and other high technology, and to inject continuous vitality and energy into the strategy of a strong nation.

Education drives the development of society together in the competition with technology. Education is forward-looking, humanistic, inherited, strategic and ecological in nature. In the face of the exponential development of AI technology, the advancement of education becomes difficult to maintain; the humanistic nature, which requires slow work, and the instrumental nature, which satisfies the needs of society, present temporal and spatial tensions; the transmission of human knowledge is transformed into multiple characteristics of historical transmission, interpersonal co-creation and human-computer co-creation. With the acceleration of the development driven by artificial intelligence technology, the development strategy and forward-looking planning of education is an important issue that is time-critical and has a long way to go.

Scholars in the field of artificial intelligence are building the infrastructure of intelligent society with various CPSS (information-physical social system) to form an intelligent society that combines human and machine, knowledge and action, and reality and reality. Based on this kind of artificial intelligence to build infrastructure in various fields, then reflected in the field of education, is the construction of future intelligent education infrastructure. The construction of intelligent education platform should include two aspects: one is the online intelligent education platform, all the activities of students online will be tracked and recorded; the other is the offline intelligent education platform, for example, the paper version of students’ homework can be photographed and transformed into text form through the platform for storage. At this time, the integration of data through these two platforms is also just a student’s actual data, for the field of artificial intelligence proposed parallel intelligence theory know that the actual data to solve the problem is incomplete and imperfect, then it is necessary to generate a lot of virtual data through these actual data to improve all the scenarios, record the student’s file data, learning achievement, time data, mastery of knowledge, special hobbies, reading data, etc., which are based on descriptive intelligence, and then generate students’ learning preferences, special characteristics, intelligence levels, learning weaknesses, etc. through predictive intelligence, and finally output personalized push, career development, professional development, etc. through guidance intelligence. All these practices will start as soon as students enter school, so that each student can receive personalized learning that suits their characteristics and creates a personalized education model.

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