How can artificial intelligence contribute to the future of education in the Internet era?

Since the Industrial Revolution, the development of human society has always moved forward in the competition and interaction between technology and education. As the core propelling force of human history, technology and education, the “human capital engine”, have become the main driving force of economic and social development. As a distinctive label of the fourth industrial revolution, the rapid development of artificial intelligence is gradually shaping new forms of business in social, economic and life fields, and constantly bringing disruptive, rich and innovative new business models. Facing the stimulation of AI technology on the development of the whole society, how education develops has become an important issue worth thinking about.

Artificial intelligence highlights the challenge of developing innovative talents. As the core technology that triggers the fourth technological revolution, AI promotes the exponential development of social economy and science and technology, generating new demands on the quality and supply of human capital. The interdependence between AI and human resources generates unprecedented tension, and the advancement of education is challenged as never before. First, the exponential development of knowledge growth has led to great uncertainty about what aspects of future talent need to be prepared. Second, the proportion of intellectual workers has increased, and innovative talents have become the immediate need of the times. The deep integration of AI technologies with production processes will greatly compress the demand for practitioners in production areas, especially those where AI wins. Thirdly, the rise of AI technology triggers a broader development space for high-tech industries, new industries, and new service industries, thus making innovative talents, composite talents, and highly skilled talents, etc. in the labor force structure surge in demand. Creativity, flexibility and humanistic abilities that cannot be replaced by artificial intelligence technology will become the key to talent competition in the intelligent era. Education shoulders the mission of cultivating innovative talents and laying out in advance for future talents. Looking back on history, we can get the experience that only when education is ahead of the pace of technology development and lay out human resources in advance for the society advanced by technology, the development of society will have backbone. Therefore, today, when artificial intelligence is advancing society more rapidly, it is necessary to answer the question of what kind of education can carry the mission of laying out human resources in advance to meet the talent challenge of an unknown society.

Artificial intelligence gives rise to new ways of knowledge production. Under the influence of artificial intelligence, human knowledge production intensifies changes and the increment of knowledge shows an exponential trend. The inherited development of education will no longer be limited to the transmission and inheritance of knowledge, but will emphasize knowledge creation and innovation, and the intervention of AI has given rise to new ways of knowledge production. First, the powerful knowledge discovery ability of AI shortens the knowledge production cycle. With the development of new machine learning algorithms such as deep learning and reinforcement learning, AI can not only accelerate the production, access and utilization of knowledge, but also extract the implicit, unknown, potential and useful information (knowledge) from data, thus expanding the ability of knowledge creation. Second, the intelligent mode of human-computer collaboration expands the opportunities and possibilities of knowledge creation. Artificial intelligence technology not only promotes the collaborative innovation of human group intelligence, but also can realize the collaboration between human and artificial intelligence agents, and the super computing power possessed by the latter can greatly accelerate knowledge production and give rise to crowd creation of knowledge as well as human-computer collaborative knowledge innovation. The challenge of the new knowledge production method spawned by AI to education is that education is no longer limited to knowledge transmission, but is more of a knowledge innovation. The future school education must teach students how to cooperate with AI technology, take care of learners’ “being able to learn”, and attach great importance to the cultivation of students’ ability to identify and analyze knowledge, call on learners to “learn”, and promote learners’ knowledge renewal and creation in human-computer interaction. The new learning method is a new way of learning.

Artificial intelligence is transforming the way we learn, making it possible to unleash creativity and vitality. Artificial intelligence has triggered profound changes in many fields and industries, and systematic changes to education are in the offing, bringing the possibility of changes to learning styles. First, AI technology brings the possibility of personalized education at scale. The intelligent learning environment built by artificial intelligence not only creates a flexible learning space, but also senses learning situations, identifies student characteristics, and provides individual learning support for students. Second, AI technology brings the possibility of adaptability under standardized education. Artificial intelligence can adapt to students’ dynamic and changing learning needs through an adaptive learning mechanism of dynamic learning diagnosis, feedback and resource recommendations, thus breaking the limits of standardized education and unleashing students’ creativity and vitality. Finally, AI improves structured instruction, releasing teachers’ creativity and pedagogical energy to focus on humanistic learning design. Teachers’ tedious and repetitive work can be replaced by intelligent machines, and intelligent analytics can pinpoint students’ learning problems and needs for teachers, who will shift their role to that of better learning designers, focusing on “how to make students learn well”, cultivating students’ abilities and thinking, and spending more time on learning activity design and They will spend more time on learning activity design and personalized interaction with students, and provide personalized learning support services for students. The development of artificial intelligence and the deep integration with education teaching have brought more options for education reform and innovation. Education needs to give full play to the advantages of technology in empowering, enriching and enabling to meet the utilitarian pursuit of education, but also to adhere to the original intention and mission of education to deliver humanistic values, to explore practical learning methods and learning design with the premise of students’ growth and development, and to release the greater vitality of education through artificial intelligence. We will unleash the greater vitality of education through artificial intelligence.

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