“Internet +” brings changes in teaching methods

The advent of the era of big data has had a profound impact on school construction and education teaching. At the 2nd Beijing Digital Campus and Smart Education Seminar held recently, some experts pointed out that education and teaching without data support is like a “cannonball” in which teachers just blindly “bombard”, while data analysis can make education and teaching more targeted and effectively meet students’ individual needs. The data analysis can make education and teaching more targeted and effectively meet the individual needs of students, just like a “missile” with a precise guidance system.

Teaching and learning mode. Along with the rapid development of Internet technology, new education models such as catechism and flipped classroom have been born, opening a new era of curriculum change. The “Internet +” concept has led to cloud-based education services and cloud-based integrated technology facilities, providing a variety of services for innovative teaching and learning. Schools can use the cloud as a cognitive tool, share educational resources, and support inquiry-based learning, one-to-one learning, game-based learning, and flipped classroom teaching to create a personalized learning environment for students.

In the “Internet+” environment, more people can participate in curriculum building and classroom teaching, and teachers and students can communicate more freely on the networked interactive teaching platform. In Beijing’s primary and secondary schools, blended learning and blended curriculum are gradually attracting attention, and a number of typical examples of blended curriculum practices have emerged, such as the “Earth-themed exploration and practice activities” at Fangcaodi International School in Chaoyang District and the “Respect” curriculum structure at Baijiazhuang Primary School. The practices and experiences of these schools are worth learning from.

Outside the classroom, the concept of “connection is learning” has opened up another path for curriculum reform, breaking through the limitations of books, classrooms and time. Currently, Beijing is offering an open science practice course to first-year students across the city, allowing them to select courses across schools and districts on an online platform. Hundreds of curriculum projects from universities, research institutes, museums and other off-campus units will become alternative courses for students through selection online.

With the development of the Internet, the equality of knowledge brings equality in curriculum and teaching. In the future, teachers will gradually change from leading the curriculum to developing and implementing the curriculum together with students, and teachers and students will become a more equal learning community. At the same time, it also provides schools with ideas to solve new problems of curriculum reform, such as “classroom selection” requires a certain number of classrooms and teachers, and this aspect of the school is difficult to achieve, through the Internet to select courses, take the form of online and offline mixed learning, also provides a way for schools to crack.

In the present day, cloud computing has become a fundamental part of school design and planning. Student learning activities will also become more convenient because of the presence of cloud computing, and wireless networks can guarantee that students can study courses from any corner of the campus. According to Yu Shengquan, a professor at Beijing Normal University’s School of Educational Technology, schools should integrate various digital services from the community that are beneficial to school running into their own user space.

The school space is a physical school space, and the space in the cloud is also a very important school space. Every principal is concerned about the construction of campus culture. In addition to building the external physical campus culture, the principal should also build his own campus culture in the cloud, and display the unique campus culture in the campus space in the cloud, so that teachers and students can feel both the physical campus culture and the virtual campus space through cell phones, tablets and other mobile terminals, and also the virtual and real spaces through the Internet of Things technology Interweaving the real and imaginary spaces through IoT technology brings a new experience and feeling to teachers and students, which is the core content that the new generation of campus culture should focus on.

“It is the critical period of ‘education reform to promote the development of education informatization and education informatization to support education reform’.” In the view of Yang Mingyang, director of Dongcheng District Education Information Center, when the “school district system” and “grouping” are in full swing in the country, the education reform is moving forward at a fast pace, but the informatization construction has not been able to keep up. He believes that the future direction of the development of basic education information technology is to study and solve the “group school” support platform and the corresponding teaching model, “Internet +” in education will play an increasingly important role.

Big data will become the core of school competition. The recently concluded Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee put forward the implementation of the “Internet +” action plan and the national big data strategy. The advent of the big data era will not only have an important impact on the construction of digital campuses, but also on the cognitive and thinking styles of teachers and students and the teaching management of schools.

According to Fang Haiguang, director of the Institute of Distance Education of Capital Normal University, in the digital classroom teaching process, data can be formally collected and described for the learning process, and big data mining and analysis of the learning process can be conducted based on classroom units and semester units. Through these data and analysis results, teachers can instantly control and reflect on teaching and learning, thus improving classroom teaching. Students and parents can also use these data and analysis results to identify learning deficiencies as soon as possible, which in turn can also improve learning. Based on such big data applications can build a smart learning environment in the classroom, providing a customized learning guidance program for each student, no longer like the traditional classroom will ignore a particular student in the classroom, which is also the core component of the international future smart classroom.

“Big data can produce data intelligence after convergence.” Professor Yu Shengquan summarized the application of big data in one sentence, and he also made a very graphic analogy, “The lack of data support for education and teaching in the past is like ‘artillery shells’, teachers teaching only blindly bombarded, while through data analysis, it can make education and teaching become more targeted and effective It is like a ‘missile’ with a precise guidance system.”

As you can see, the question of how to collect data and extract information with integrity and usability from school behavior data to continuously improve school performance and enhance the quality of education is one that every school administrator must face. In the near future, the amount of data, the ability to analyze and process data, and data-led decision making will be the key to gaining a school’s core competitiveness.

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