Internet of Things in the Internet Era: Digital and Intelligent Change

The term “Internet of Things” (IoT) was born 15 years ago, and in recent years, this “high level” thing has gradually come into our lives. IoT can connect all objects in a specific spatial environment for anthropomorphic information perception and cooperative interaction, and has the behavioral ability of self-learning, processing, decision-making and control, so as to complete intelligent production and services. At present, the Internet of Things is promoting the transformation of human society from “informationization” to “intelligence” and promoting great changes in information technology and industry. In the near future, IoT will change our living and working environment and bring us into an intelligent world.

IoT technology idea is “connect everything on demand”. At the 2005 World Summit on the Information Society, the International Telecommunication Union formally proposed the concept of “Internet of Things”, suggesting that the ubiquitous “Internet of Things” communication era is coming, and all objects in the world, from tires to toothbrushes, from houses to tissues, can exchange information through All objects in the world, from tires to toothbrushes, from houses to paper towels, can actively exchange information through the Internet.

The technical idea of the Internet of Things is to “connect everything on demand”. Specifically, it is to connect all independently identifiable objects (including all physical and virtual objects and terminal devices), including people, machines and things, ubiquitously and on demand through various network technologies and information sensing devices such as radio frequency identification (data exchange through radio for information identification), infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners, etc., according to agreed protocols. To carry out information transmission and cooperative interaction, in order to achieve intelligent information sensing, identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management of the object end, and build an intelligent service environment with human-like knowledge learning, analysis and processing, automatic decision-making and behavior control capabilities among all object ends.

The information society is developing from the Internet era to the Internet of Things era. If the Internet is to connect and serve people, the IoT is to extend the object of information network connection and service from people to things, so as to realize the “Internet of Everything”. In the Internet era, the task of information network is to meet the demand of public information transmission; in the IoT era, the task of information network is to meet the demand of specific intelligent services, both of which are mutually supportive and indispensable.

The future intelligent service system under the IoT environment will become an important infrastructure for the future society. As the key of IoT technology innovation, the intelligent service system maps and collaborates the real environment physical space with the virtual environment information space to achieve the integration of communication, computing and control. The intelligent service system enables the active and collaborative interaction between things and things and people and things in a new way, thus crocheting an intelligent and collaborative network of endogenous interconnection in the physical world.

Remodeling production organization and promoting industrial revolution.The Internet of Things has become an important driving force of the new round of global technological revolution and industrial change. After the concept of the emergence of the drive, demonstration applications to lead, significant technological progress and industrial maturity, the Internet of Things is accelerating the transformation into a realistic scientific and technological productivity. If the technology affecting production tools and products will bring quantitative changes, then IoT technology will bring qualitative changes because it will reshape the way production is organized. The IoT technology industry is developing rapidly around the world and is integrating with manufacturing technology, new energy, new materials and other fields, stepping into the eve of a major industrial change and ushering in an era of great development.

With the popularity of IoT applications, trillions of new devices will be connected to the network for different application needs such as smart wearable devices, smart home appliances, smart connected cars, smart robots, smart medical care, agricultural water conservancy, municipal buildings and so on. These applications are growing explosively and will form a huge amount of data, promoting further intelligence, networking and refinement of production life and social management, and promoting more intelligent and efficient economic and social development.

Integration with other high-tech development is an important feature of the Internet of Things technology. Currently, the Internet of Things is promoting 5G, narrowband Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, blockchain and edge computing and other new generation of information technology penetration into various fields, triggering a major change in the global industrial division of labor pattern. In terms of networking, low-power wide area network technology is emerging rapidly and becoming commercially available globally, and the standardization process of 5G technology for IoT wide coverage and low latency scenarios is accelerating. Meanwhile, industrial Ethernet, short-range communication and other related communication technologies are developing rapidly, providing good technical support for the intelligent on-demand networking of people, machines and things. In terms of information processing, information perception, knowledge representation, machine learning and other technologies are rapidly developing, greatly enhancing the intelligent data processing capability of IoT. In IoT virtual platform, digital twin and operating system, based on cloud computing and the wide application of open source software, effectively reduce the threshold for enterprises to build ecology and promote the progress of IoT public service platform and operating system worldwide.

IoT brings digital and intelligent changes that can transform many industries. The most representative concept is “Industrial Internet”, which was first proposed by Germany in 2011 and has been followed by many countries since then. The concept of “Industrial Internet” proposed by General Electric is a high degree of integration of global industrial systems with advanced computing, analytics, sensing technologies and the Internet, which means connecting people, data and machines on the basis of the Internet of Things, allowing equipment, production lines, factories, suppliers, products and customers to work closely with each other on demand, integrating It applies big data analysis technology and remote control technology, optimizes the operation and maintenance of industrial facilities and machines, enhances the level of industrial manufacturing intelligence through networked intelligent means, and forms an interconnected industrial chain across equipment, systems, plants and regions, so as to improve efficiency and promote the intelligence of the entire manufacturing service system. As an important support for the development of China’s intelligent manufacturing industry, the industrial Internet has been highly emphasized by the Chinese government, and the “13th Five-Year Plan”, “Guidance of the State Council on Actively Promoting the “Internet+” Action” and “Guidance on Deepening the Integration of Manufacturing Industry and the Internet” have all clearly put forward the following The “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”, the “Guidance of the State Council on Actions to Actively Promote “Internet+”” and the “Guidance on Deepening the Integration of Manufacturing Industry and Internet” all clearly propose the development of industrial Internet.

Due to the promising prospect, countries all over the world are accelerating to seize the opportunity of IOT industry development. At the industry level, relevant large companies have formulated IoT development strategies and quickly carried out the layout of key industries and key links of the industry chain through cooperation and mergers and acquisitions to enhance their position in the whole industry. Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu, Amazon, Apple, Intel, Qualcomm and other globally renowned companies have laid out IoT from different links and levels.

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