Digital transformation of construction industry in the context of “Internet+” era

After more than 20 years of rapid growth, the construction industry has developed into a national economic pillar industry with an annual output value of more than 24 trillion yuan, directly employing more than 50 million people and more than 100,000 enterprises in the industry, with a huge market scale. However, the rapid growth has not achieved “quantitative to qualitative change”, and there are long-standing painful problems such as inadequate supervision, non-standardized market, low enterprise efficiency and unsound credit, which need to be solved. In the environment of China’s vigorous supply-side reform and the new normal of China’s economy, the traditional mode of the construction industry can hardly meet the needs of high-quality development of the industry, and it is urgent to explore new development models to achieve transformation and upgrading.

With the encouragement of China’s policies, “Internet+” is gradually penetrating into traditional industries, and the integration with the construction industry is going deeper. Internet +” to achieve transformation and upgrading has created a good policy and technical environment.

Some outstanding problems accumulated in the traditional mode of construction industry for a long time still exist, mainly in the following aspects:

First, the supervision is not in place. Industry supervision with the color of planned economy, heavy approval, light supervision, supervision of information technology level is not high, engineering security, engineering insurance, integrity management and other market support mechanism construction progress slowly, the market mechanism in the industry access system, the role of the winners and losers is not enough, seriously affect the development of the construction industry vitality and resource allocation efficiency.

Second, the market is not standardized. Market barriers, competing price, money and power transactions, relying on string of bids, layers of subcontracting, default on payments and other illegal and unregulated market problems have always existed, clean, unified and open, complete system, competition and orderly construction industry market in China has not yet formed.

Third, the efficiency of enterprises is low. Most of them still follow the traditional organizational structure and project management model, with sloppy operation and management by package, backward means of on-site production organization and low efficiency of resource deployment, which makes the enterprise value creation and management efficiency at a low level for a long time.

Fourth, credit is not sound. The lack of credit awareness and contractual spirit of market players, the status of all parties is not equal, the way and method of credit system construction in the industry is not enough utility, credit system construction seriously lags behind the development needs of the construction industry, and needs to be further improved.

In the background of the new era, the traditional development model can no longer meet the needs of the industry’s high-quality development, the construction industry is in urgent need of seeking new models to achieve transformation and upgrading development. The “Internet+” provides a good opportunity for the transformation and upgrading of the construction industry In 2015, ITA1024 China Internet Technology Alliance released the concept of “Internet+”: “Internet+ ” refers to the use of interconnection platform, IOT technology, intelligent technology, big data technology, the Internet and traditional industries combined, so as to create a new industry, new business models, new value-added business. In the same year, Alibaba Research Institute pointed out in the “Internet+” research report that the essence of “Internet+” lies in the realization of traditional industries online and data.

As one of the important traditional industries in China, the construction industry integrates the application of “Internet+”, through the use of cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology, and effectively combines with BIM technology and assembly-type construction, it can provide accurate, timely and reliable data for the three lines of business, technology and production in the construction process of engineering projects, It can provide accurate, timely and reliable data for the three lines of business, technology and production in the construction process of engineering projects, enable all parties of engineering construction to fully share the resources of each construction stage, effectively solve the problems of disconnection between design and construction, disconnection between manufacturing of parts and components and on-site construction, better improve production efficiency, reduce labor consumption, improve labor conditions, control engineering costs, improve the level of project refinement management, ensure product quality and achieve high-quality development. The “Internet+” provides a good opportunity for the construction industry to transform and upgrade its development.

At present, under the encouragement of Chinese policies and industry promotion, BIM technology has been rapidly promoted and applied in the domestic construction industry, and construction industrialization has also been rapidly developed. In addition, the new generation of information technology such as cloud computing, big data and artificial intelligence has been relatively mature and abundant human resource reserves, and has been better applied in many industries such as domestic e-commerce, logistics and medical care, and even has produced disruptive changes in some industries, which provides good technology for the construction industry to realize the transformation and development of “Internet +”. conditions.

In the context of the rapid penetration of “Internet +” into traditional industries and the increasingly urgent demand for high-quality development of the construction industry, the construction industry should integrate the application of “Internet +”, with BIM technology, cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and mobile Internet and other technologies as support, with platform thinking. With the support of BIM technology, cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and mobile Internet, and platform-oriented thinking, the industry should effectively integrate personnel, logistics, capital, data and technical resources, realize the digitalization, online and intelligence of the whole process, all elements and all participants from design, production, construction to operation and maintenance of the project, innovate the development mode, and build an Internet+-based construction industry Internet platform based on the resources and technical strength of large enterprises in the industry. “Internet platform of construction industry based on the resources and technical strength of large enterprises in the industry, build the ecosystem of the whole industry chain of engineering construction, and form a new pattern of industry development.

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