The Fourth Industrial Revolution The Digital Age

Now, we are in the fourth industrial revolution. The fourth industrial revolution is a continuation or, more accurately, an upgrade of the third industrial revolution. Its landmark event is the birth of the World Wide Web, which was signaled in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee’s first successful communication between HTTP proxies and servers via the Internet. The World Wide Web allowed the Internet to begin to go commercial and become an industry, allowing people to move from the information age to the digital age.

The fourth industrial revolution gave birth to many new industries, such as the Internet and artificial intelligence, and many companies, including the now very active Amazon, Google, Facebook, Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu, Xiaomi, etc. Some traditional companies are also getting involved in these industries through transformation, such as IBM, Apple, Microsoft, Huawei, etc.

5G is the beginning of China’s turnaround in the technology sector. The two industrial revolutions we are in the Qing government period, because not timely follow the development of the times, resulting in the decline of the country and the nation, and the West’s gap is getting bigger and bigger, the development of science and technology is about the rise and fall of the country and the nation is a big factor. It was not until the third industrial revolution that we slowly began to step into the world development track, but still lagging behind the developed countries in Europe and the United States, to achieve the goal of national rejuvenation, the field of science and technology to catch up must be the top priority.

Looking back at the development of these four industrial revolutions, do you find any common denominator?

A good model to explain the progress of science and technology is provided in the General History of Global Science and Technology. He looks at the development of technology in two dimensions: energy and information. Looking at the four industrial revolutions, the first and second industrial revolutions focused on the full use of energy, and the third and fourth industrial revolutions on the full use of information. When information and energy are used in an integrated way, human beings’ ability to transform the world is greatly enhanced, and this is the framework of thinking in which we look at these four industrial revolutions.

Each industrial revolution has given rise to a number of new industries and businesses, destroyed a number of traditional industries, and revolutionized others. For example, more than 100 years ago, the invention of the generator had a great impact on people’s lives and production. In addition, enterprises also faced the question of whether to connect to the grid, because if they did not, they would lose their competitiveness. In the Internet era, enterprises also face the problem of whether to access the Internet, because without access to the Internet and digital transformation, enterprises will face elimination.

Especially in the global outbreak of the new crown epidemic in the last two years, compared to traditional enterprises, the new digital enterprises face not only no loss from the impact of the epidemic, but also become a key factor in their business outbreak (we will dedicate an issue to this later).

Although we are now in the stage of information technology to digital overload, but in fact, now many enterprises have not even completed the minimum degree of information technology, such enterprises will eventually be eliminated by history, with the rapid development of the Internet, have you found that the birth of new matters and industries more and more quickly, if we do not proactively learn, the more we will feel their development bottleneck is getting bigger and bigger, which is The development of the times determines.

In the era of information technology, we input information into the computer, such as, enterprise resource planning (ERP), office automation (OA), customer relationship management (CRM), business intelligence (BI) and other systems are all part of the information technology. In order to facilitate the management and orderly development of business, most enterprises at least now have one or two systems in use, but with the popularity of new technologies artificial intelligence, cloud computing, big data and intelligent terminals, data can be generated automatically and be processed centrally, which allows us to use data to a much greater extent. This is the transformation from information technology to data. Previously called “information technology (IT)”, is now being replaced by “digital technology (DT)”. It is also easy to see from the laws of history that digitalization is the continuation and upgrade of information technology.

Digitalization from a technical perspective. From informationization to digitalization, three underlying technologies (various smart terminals, central information processing functions and the Internet) are widely used behind the scenes.

First, smart terminals include cell phones, wearable devices, sensors and applications. These devices can automatically generate and transmit information, for example, when we use a cell phone location system, the phone automatically sends location information to the system; when we use payment software, it automatically provides our credit information to the system, etc. Individuals are not only consumers of information, but also producers of information, so that they can generate huge amount of data information and provide the basis for big data.

Secondly, the central information processing function is upgraded, which is mainly reflected in the wide application of artificial intelligence, big data and cloud computing. In the information era, data processing is done by a single computer, but the Internet can centralize computing power and output it to each terminal through the network. The terminal only needs to have simple processing and display functions.

Finally, the upgrade of the Internet. From wired Internet to wireless Internet gets rid of the limitation of physical space, from 3G to 4G to 5G, the network speed is getting faster and faster, while more and more devices are accessed, the response time is getting shorter and shorter, smart driving and Internet of Things become more and more mature and popular.

Digital-related technology artificial intelligence is understood in one sentence that the main goal of artificial intelligence is to enable machines to perform some complex tasks that normally require human intelligence to complete. It is an interdisciplinary science, with sciences and technologies such as machine learning and computer vision, and also involves the humanities such as psychology and philosophy. Research in this field includes robotics, language recognition, image recognition, natural language processing, and expert systems.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *